No doubt that one of the greatest’s assets today is data. So, as consumers provide significant amounts of data to businesses, Data Privacy, Data Protection, and Compliance, became a major subject.
Data Privacy, Data Protection, and Compliance – all these are similar, but not the same. Most IT professionals use these terms interchangeably. The reason for that is somewhat simple, data protection deals with privacy, data privacy deals with protection and both detail compliance requirements. So, let’s expand on each term individually!
What is Data Privacy and why is it important?
Data privacy focuses on the processes of collection, handling and sharing personal and confidential data. In some regions, data privacy is considered a right and data protection laws have been established, such as the GDPR in Europe.
Data privacy is a legal concept that dictates which data is considered sensitive and what can and cannot be collected and how it can be handled and protected. It is an important aspect of data protection. In some cases, data privacy rules give individuals, greater control over what data they allow companies to retain and share.
What about Data Protection?
Data protection covers the processes taken to ensure data privacy. It’s what covers what data is being collected and how it’s stored and secured.
What is Data Compliance?
Simply put, compliance is following the set rules, either a National or International law (like the GDPR) or an organization’s policy. It also relates to the act of working to achieve pre-set requirements to comply with the rules and law.
Many compliance requirements outline the minimum conditions that must be met to be considered secure. Failure to do that can lead to data breaches and fines.
How to achieve compliance?
As you know by now, this is an extremely important process. Data should be protected at all stages. These are some steps that can be taken to meet general compliance requirements.
Storage and access – Always know what data you have stores, where it is stored and who has access to it. If data is transferred, always know how that transfer is done and secured.
Data classification – Not all data is the same, and some requires extensive protection. Having properly classified data, ensures that only allowed data is moved or accessed.
Protecting your data – A system must be put in place that helps detect and prevent unauthorized accesses to data. New files should always be scanned for any virus or malware that might compromise any data.
Securely storing data – Your network needs to be secure, and all devices that have access to it need to be monitored for any that might be compromised. User should only manage to access data that they need.
File sharing – Send and receiving files should only be done using proper encryption.
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